The Treasury Thursday disowned an official statement indicating that Chinese lenders penalised Kenya Sh1.312 billion for delayed payments of loans provided to build the standard gauge railway (SGR).
Treasury Secretary Ukur Yatani maintained that Kenya has not defaulted on its public debt, arguing that the country has not accumulated repayment arrears for decades.
He was reacting to a Business Daily story that indicated the delayed payments to the Chinese lenders, led by the Export-Import Bank of China.
The story relied on confidential Treasury documents that revealed the performance of the SGR in the year to June, including the disclosure of the Sh1.312 billion penalties on the on-lent loan.
“We wish to state categorically that Kenya has never defaulted on settlement of its debts service obligations to any of its creditors,” Mr Yatani said Thursday.
“At no time has Kenya been flagged as a country defaulting on its external debt obligations.”
Kenya tapped over half a trillion shillings from Chinese lenders to fund the construction of the SGR from Mombasa to Naivasha.
Taxpayers have been forced to shoulder the burden of the SGR loans because revenues generated from the passenger and cargo services on the track are not enough to meet the operation costs, which stood at Sh18.5 billion in the year to June against sales of Sh15 billion.
The Treasury document mentioned that Kenya defaulted on the on-lent loan linked to SGR even as the country wired Sh22.7 billion in loan repayments in the year to June.
“This relates to the cost of default on interest at one percent of the due amount,” says the disclosure documents seen by Business Daily in reference to the Sh1.312 billion penalty.
Kenya has not defaulted on its debt obligations. pic.twitter.com/CkwbLl7ZrO— Amb. Ukur Yatani, EGH 🇰🇪 (@BaloziYatani) October 13, 2022
Analysts suggest that Kenya could have been fined for late payment, adding that technically there is a difference between default and delayed pay.
Legally an account goes into default if it’s closed by the lender following mounting arrears, and has the ability to affect a borrower’s or country’s creditworthiness.
The delayed payment came in a year when Kenya had asked for an extension of the debt repayment moratorium from bilateral lenders, including China, by another six months to December 2021, saving it from committing billions to the Beijing lenders.
But the lenders, especially the Exim Bank of China, opposed Kenya’s application for a debt repayment holiday in a standoff that delayed disbursements to projects funded by Chinese loans.
China postponed the repayments in January last year, helping Kenya temporarily retain Sh27 billion that was due for six months ending June 2021. The opposition from Chinese lenders forced Nairobi to drop its push for an extension of the debt repayment holiday to avoid straining relations with Kenya’s biggest bilateral creditor.
China, which accounted for about one-third of Kenya’s 2021-22 external debt service costs, is the nation’s biggest foreign creditor after the World Bank. Kenya spent a total of Sh117.7 billion on Chinese debt in the period, of which about Sh24.7 billion is in interest payments and almost Sh93 billion in redemptions, according to budget documents.
Repayment of the SGR loan started in January 2020 after the lapse of a five-year grace period that Beijing had given Kenya.
Former President Uhuru Kenyatta’s administration largely took loans from China from 2014 to build roads, bridges, power plants and the SGR.
The deal to fund the first phase of the SGR, Kenya’s single-largest infrastructure project by cost since independence, saw China overtake Japan as Kenya’s largest bilateral lender.
Kenya’s debt increased more than four-fold to Sh8.58 trillion under the Kenyatta administration.
The surge in liabilities left the country at high risk of debt distress, according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
The cost of servicing public debt is poised to jump by a third to a record Sh1.39 trillion in the fiscal year through June 2023, more than half of projected State revenue.
Kenya spent almost 57 percent of tax income in the past financial year on repaying loans, according to the Treasury, underlining the effects of the mounting public debt on State finances.
The terms of China’s loan deals with developing countries are unusually secretive and require borrowers to prioritise repayment to Chinese state-owned banks ahead of other creditors. A cache of such contracts was revealed in a past report by Reuters.
The dataset — compiled over three years by AidData, a US research lab at the College of William & Mary — comprises 100 Chinese loan contracts with 24 low- and middle-income countries, a number of which are struggling with mounting debt amid the economic fallout from the Covid-19 pandemic.
It uncovered several unusual features, including confidentiality clauses that prevent borrowers from revealing the terms of the loans, informal collateral arrangements that benefit Chinese lenders over other creditors and promises to keep the debt out of collective restructurings -- dubbed by the authors as “no Paris Club” clauses.
The Paris Club is a group of officials from major creditor countries whose role is to find solutions to the payment difficulties of debtor countries.
President William Ruto last month reversed one of the most controversial policies of the previous administration that had made it compulsory for cargo clearance to be done at the inland container depots in Nairobi and Naivasha.