During the 1970s, Emma and her siblings spent evenings harvesting fruits and vegetables from their father’s farm for the local market.
Their father ran a sustainable farming business that met the family's essential needs. Fast forward to today, Emma is a mother of two and can barely afford basic necessities for her family as a farmer.
According to figures from the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) for the second quarter of 2022, the agriculture sector’s contribution to the country’s GDP has decreased for the third consecutive quarter.
This was attributed to unfavourable weather conditions that characterized the last quarter of 2021 and the first half of 2022.
The rising temperatures have had a detrimental impact on food production in the country.
In addition to the primary causes of climate change, deforestation and forest degradation were identified as substantial sources of carbon emissions.
A report by the Global Forest Watch reveals that Kenya lost 368 kilohectares of tree cover in the past 20 years, equivalent to an 11 per cent decrease in tree cover since 2000 and 179 million metric tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions.
The reduction in the country’s tree cover is alarming and is already causing severe effects on people and local communities.
Farmers today have had to grapple with minimal earnings and increased food insecurity at a time when global inflation rates are at an all-time high.
Kenya has made significant progress in improving conservation efforts.
On the sidelines of COP27, it was recognized for its contribution to ensuring that communities adapt to climate change by streamlining funds to reach the most vulnerable.
Although this is a great achievement, much more has to be done to protect our forests.
Our rainforests play a significant role in stabilizing the climate and maintaining the water cycle.
They act as carbon sinks and help in conserving our biodiversity, reducing detrimental impacts from soil pollutants, protecting watersheds and reducing the effects of harmful chemicals on human health and the environment.
The conservation of our forests and natural resources is vital to our fight against climate change. In addition to absorbing greenhouse gases and controlling water flows, they also safeguard local communities from extreme weather and sea level rise.
Our local communities and small-scale farmers must be at the forefront of our conservation efforts. Indigenous communities protect 80 per cent of the biodiversity left in the world.
They need to be educated and empowered on the importance of climate-smart agriculture, environmental conservation and restoration mechanisms in order to lead the fight from the frontline.
With COP27 at its midpoint, a critical discussion to bring to the table is the financing of new technology and training opportunities for climate-smart agriculture in Africa.
There is a need to educate and equip small-scale farmers on adapting to new weather patterns, diversification and reforestation in order to build sustainable livelihoods and food security on the continent.
One of the countries that have been walking the talk when it comes to the preservation of its forests is Gabon. 88 per cent of its total surface area is covered by rainforests which absorb a total of 140 million tons of carbon dioxide every year.
This has played a significant role in the country’s climate mitigation efforts.
In Kericho and Bomet counties, James Finlay (Kenya) Limited has partnered with the Initiative for Sustainable Landscapes Kenya (ISLA) to restore and protect 60,000 hectares of natural forests within the Southwest Mau Forest.
A key driver of forest degradation in this area is overgrazing by livestock, which damages vegetation and inhibits natural forest regeneration.
To tackle this, ISLA is working with farmers in forest-dependent communities to intensify their dairy production.
This teaches farmers best practices in cow rearing and feeding, which includes grazing livestock within their farms and feeding them with farm-grown fodder.
By helping to improve farming methods and increasing incomes, farmers are motivated to keep livestock at home, reducing forest grazing and protecting the forest.
What stands clear is that we all have a role to play in climate action. Empowering local communities on sustainable farming practices, environmental conservation and reforestation will enable them to protect and preserve the forests on which they depend.
It is crucial to look at the entire ecosystem and develop new strategies which encourage economic growth and development while also protecting our natural resources.
The author is the Managing Director of James Finlay (Kenya) Limited.