Technology

Will Amazon data centre bring cloud gains closer?

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President Uhuru Kenyatta (centre) with Amazon Web Services Vice President Teresa Carlson and Robin Njiru, the Country Lead East Africa at State House, Nairobi in 2019. FILE PHOTO | NMG

The entry of Amazon Web Services (AWS) into Kenya’s cloud computing ecosystem is set to bolster the country’s preparedness for the take-off of the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) as its rapid technological transformation keeps attracting Big Tech.

Last week AWS set up a Local Zone in Nairobi to become the ultimate cloud service solutions provider for individuals, small businesses and corporates.

As Silicon Savannah’s demand for cloud storage bulges, the gridlock among many users has been the high cost of renting cloud and database management.

But AWS told Digital Business that its new data centre will be pegged along affordability of cloud services as it steps up efforts to meet the cloud demand in a country that remains one of the leading hubs in internet, smartphone and tech skills penetration in Africa.

“Kenyan users will benefit from cost savings, scalability and the high availability that AWS provides,” said AWS East, West and Central Africa Regional Lead Robin Njiru.

Kenya whose 75 percent of the population is made up of Millennial and Generation Z citizens who love heavy live streaming, online gaming and constant online presence while saving every moment in the cloud will be the biggest beneficiaries of AWS low latency services.

With more start-ups venturing into e-learning, telemedicine, fintech, edtech, agritech and insurtech which require high-speed internet, huge cloud storage and low latency to deliver their services to clients, the AWS local zone will come in handy.

But what about equipping Kenyans with cloud service platform expertise, network management, development and operations, machine learning and cloud security skills?

Last year, AWS started offering free certifications to Kenya’s tech talent through its AWS re/Start project as it seeks to build a diverse pipeline of entry-level trained IT professionals who can create business intelligence, analytics and database management tools.

The 12-week programme is training the country’s unemployed and underemployed youth and those with little technology experience for careers in cloud computing. The project connects more than 90 percent of graduates with job opportunities.

And for 4IR technologies such as blockchain, AI, Augmented Reality and 5G connectivity, AWS looks to be the anchor server maintenance provider and cloud management leader in the country.

AWS edge services deliver data processing, analysis, and storage close to user endpoints, allowing them to deploy Application Programming Interfaces and tools to locations outside AWS data centers.

Users can also build high-performance applications that can process and store data close to where it is generated, enabling ultra-low latency, intelligent and real-time responsiveness.

On cyber security, AWS said it will help users maintain security and compliance from edge to cloud with AWS infrastructure by applying preventive mechanisms like encryption and access controls to securely store and process data.

“Security for your data is our top priority. The cyber warfare front is dynamic but we will protect your data. We are also observing data residency requirements under the Data Protection Act,” said Mr Njiru.

Local enterprises and corporations that handle big data such as telcos and banks will, therefore, benefit from specific edge use cases like Internet of Things (IoT), hybrid cloud, 5G, and industrial machine learning.

“With more than 200 integrated device services to choose from, you can deploy edge applications quickly and easily scale to billions of devices,” AWS says.

Research by tech research firm IDC shows that businesses around the world spent Sh2.5 trillion on cloud infrastructure services in the fourth quarter of 2021, signalling a rebound in spending on cloud storage and computing power.

Spending on cloud infrastructure was up 13.5 percent in the quarter year on year, while the previous quarter saw spending on cloud infrastructure reach Sh20 trillion after a remarkable year-on-year decline of 1.9 percent in Q2 2021, which was the first time in seven quarters that spending fell.

Cloud spending rose as businesses and governments across the world embarked on major digital transformation projects over the last two years. And the big winners have been the big three cloud players — AWS, Google Cloud and Microsoft.

800pc increase

"This marked the second consecutive quarter of year-over-year growth as supply chain constraints have depleted vendor inventories over the past several quarters. As backlogs continue to grow, pent-up demand bodes well for future growth as long as the economy stays healthy, and supply catches up to demand," IDC said.

Over the whole of 2021, spending on cloud was 8.8 percent higher than in 2020, reaching a total of Sh8 trillion for the year.

Enterprise spending on traditional IT grew too, but not as fast as cloud spending. Enterprises invested in non-cloud infrastructure to the tune of Sh1.8 trillion, up 1.5 percent year on year in Q4 2021, according to IDC.

A recently published whitepaper by IDC predicts that more than 75 percent of infrastructure in edge locations will be consumed and operated in an as-a-service model, as will more than half of data centre infrastructure.

This supports the sentiment that enterprises want all the benefits of the cloud with the ability to deploy virtually anywhere.

“By 2023, 70 percent of enterprises will run varying levels of data processing on IoT devices, and there will be an 800 percent increase in the number of applications at the edge,” the paper says.

The potential benefits of such trends to Kenya’s cloud computing landscape are apparent when considering the actual use cases.

In the industrial sector, as an increasing amount of Kenyan industrial assets have some form of AI deployed either near or on the equipment, it will lead to a projected 10 percent improvement in asset utilization, according to the white paper.

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