Cheaper World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) loans have reduced the average cost of the Kenya government’s loans by 2.2 percentage points from 9.1 percent to 6.9 percent.
Parliament Budget Office in a debt analysis said the multilateral loans eased the cost of repaying Kenyan debt despite local banks increasing interest rates for the government.
Access to IMF and World Bank loans has helped Kenya reduce its exposure to commercial debts easing repayment pressures at a time where Covid-19 has hit the country’s coffer and exposed debt vulnerabilities.
The multilateral loans are relatively cheaper, long term and have a grace period where Kenya will not be required to pay as they clear the bad expensive loans.
“Between June 2020 to June 2021 weighted average interest rate (WAIR) of the debt portfolio improved from 9.1 percent to 6.9 percent. This was on account of concessional financing for external borrowing that reduced the external debt stock WAIR from 3.1 percent to 2.9 percent thus keeping interest rate risk exposure on the downside,” PBO said.
“Domestic debt WAIR on the other hand, increased from 10.9 per cent to 11.1 percent indicating a rising cost of borrowing from the domestic market and any given strategy based on domestic market financing will have an incremental impact on total debt interest servicing,” PBO said.
Kenya is trying to balance its debt portfolio after a surge of commercial debts piled up and became expensive to repay taking up more than 63 percent of tax revenue.
Concessional and semi-concessional borrowing, including from the IMF and other multilaterals are part of Treasury plan’ to limit reliance on external commercial borrowing in the coming years to reduce debt-related vulnerabilities.
By borrowing from the multilateral bodies, the IMF and the World Bank, Kenya has already managed to cut dependence on the more expensive commercial loans.